University of Notre Dame

Latin Dictionary and Grammar Aid


cado : to fall, drop, plummet, topple.
caecus : blind, sightless.
caedo : to fall, kill
caelestis : heavenly, celestial / noun, a god, dweller in heaven.
caelum : sky, heaven.
caetera : the rest, that remaining
calamitas : calamity, misfortune, disaster.
calamus : anything made or reed -- pen, arrow, pipe, etc.
calcar, -is : spur.
calco : to tread, trample upon.
calculus : pebble, stone.
caligo : to make dizzy
calix : a vessel for drinking.
callide : skilfully, cleverly / cunningly, slyly, subtly.
callidus : clever, dextrous, experienced, skilful / cunning, sly.
caltha : marigold
calumnior : to accuse falsely.
calvus : bald.
calx : the heel / stone, pebble / lime / goal, aim.
camera : vault, vaulted room / small boat.
caminus : a forge, large hearth.
campana : bell.
campus : level place, field, plain.
camur : curved, bent, hooked.
canalis : channel, canal / pipe.
cancer : crab / the direction south / heat of summer / disease of cancer.
candela : taper, candle.
candeo : to shine, glow, grow brilliant, sparkle.
candidus : bright, shining, white.
candide : openly, clearly, candidly.
canis : dog.
canities : grey hair / old age.
canonicus : canonical, according to the canons, legal, lawful, right.
canonus : canon, member of a cathedral chapter or canonry, Augustinian.
canto : to sing.
capillus : hair.
capio : to seize, take, choose/ attack, injure/ comprehend.
capio : to rent, hire / seize, arrest
capistro : to halter, put a halter on a horse.
capistrum : halter, harness, mazzle.
capitagium : poll tax.
capitulus : chapter, chapter meeting, chapter house.
capitale : cattle, possessions, chattels.
captivas : captivity.
capto : to grab, try to get, grab at.
capulatio : decapitation.
caput : capitis : head / top, summit / chief.
caput ieiunius : Ash Wednesday.
carbo : carbonis : carbon, coal, charcoal.
carcer : prison, cell, jail, dungeon.
careo : (+ abl. of sep.) be without, be deprived of, lack, want.
caries : rottennes, corruption, decay.
cariosus : rotten, decayed.
caritas : dearness, affection / charity.
carmen : song, poem.
carpo : to pluck, seize, grab, lay hold of, hold on to.
carus : dear, beloved / costly, high-priced, expensive.
casso : to bring to naught, destroy, annul, make void.
caste : purely, spotlessly, purely, uprightly, chastely.
casus : accident, chance, fortune.
casus : downfall
casus : a falling / occasion, opportunity / event, accident, violent death
catena : chain, fetters.
caterva : crowd, troop, flock.
catervatim : in troops, in masses.
cattus : cat.
cauda : the tail of an animal.
causa : (in the abl.) on account of, for the sake of.
causa : case at law, case, law-suit / situation, condition.
causa : cause / reason, motive, pretext / interest.
caute : cautim : cautiously, with security.
cautela : caution, precaution, security.
cautus : [persons] careful, cautious /[things] secure, made safe, protected.
caveo : [cavi cautum] beware, avoid, look out for / give security. mortgage.
caveo : +acc.= be on guard against /+ut+subj.=take care that.
caveo : +dat. of a person= take care of, provide for.
cavus : hole, pit.
cedo : to go, proceed / turn out, happen/ go away, withdraw.
cedo : (+ dat.) give ground to, submit to, be inferior to.
cedo cessi cessum : to grant, yield.
celebratio : large crowd, audience, assembly.
celebrer : adj, renowned, well known, popular, famous.
celebritas : crowd, multitude / celebration / fame, renown
celebrus : abounding in, rich in, much frequented, respected.
celer : quick, swift, rapid, speedy, fast.
celeritas : speed, swiftness, rapidity, quickness.
celeriter : rapidly, quickly, swiftly, speedily.
celo : to hide, conceal, keep secret.
cella : room, store-room, garret
celox : -ocis fast, rapid, swift, fleet.
celsus : elevated, lofty / arrogant, proud, haughty.
cellarius : adj. relating to a store-room / n. cellarer
cena : dinner, meal.
cenaculum : garret, attic.
ceno : to dine.
censeo : censui, censum/ estimate, assess, evaluate / argue, suggest, advise
censura : judgement.
census : -us/ wealth, property / census
centum : one hundred, 100 (undeclinable).
cerno : to separate, sift, distinguish / decide, resolve, determine.
cernuus : faling headlong.
certamen : contest, contention, rivalry of any kind
certe : certo : (adv) certainly, assuredly.
certo : to contend, settle, dispute, to settle by combat.
certus : undoubted, certain, sure, settled, resolved, decided / definite
cervus : stag. deer
cesso : to leave off, cease / linger, delay
cetera : for the rest, otherwise
ceteri : the remaining, the rest, the others
ceterum : (adv.) otherwise, moreover, but.
ceterus : the other, the rest.
charisma : carisma : gift, present.
chirographum : autograph, person's own handwriting / written charter.
cibo : food for animals
cibus : food for men and animals.
cicuta : hemlock.
ciminatio : accusation, calumny, charge.
ciminosus : reproachful, slanderous.
cinis cineris : ashes, embers.
circumvenio : to beset, assail.
circumvenio : to come around, surround, cheat, defraud.
citatio : summons, call
cito : quickly, rapidly, speedily.
citara : a harp.
citatus : quick, speedy.
citatus : summons, citation.
cito : to be moved, aroused.
citivolus : swiftly flying.
civilis : civil, civic.
civis : citizen, townsman, bourgeois, burgess.
civitas : state, citzenship, city-state.
clam : secretly, in secret.
clamo : to call, shout, cry aloud, proclaim, declare.
clamor : loud shouting, cry.
claro : to make bright or clear, make clear in the mind.
clarus : clear, bright / renowned, famous, illustrious
claudeo : to limp, halt, be lame, to hobble.
claudo (clausus) : to confine, shut up, close, blockade, besiege.
claudus : lame.
claustrum : bolt, bar, prison, den, pen, enclosure/ cloister.
clementia : indulgence, forbearance, humanity, mercy, gentleness, etc.
clibanus : oven, furnace/ tray for bread making.
coacto : to force, compel, coerce.
coactu : by force, under compulsion.
coactum : force, compulsion, coercement.
coadunatio : a gathering together, a summing up, a uniting.
coaegresco : to become sick at the same time.
coepi : began, started, undertook, initiated (pres. incipio ).
coepto : to begin, undertake,
coerceo : surround, enclose, restrain, confine.
cogito : to think, ruminate, ponder, consider, plan.
cognatus : (adj.) related by blood (noun) a relative, kinsman.
cognomen : surname, family name, nick-name.
cognosco : to examine, inquire, learn.
cogo : coegi : coactum : to compel, restrict, confine / force, compel
cogo : coegi, coactum : to bring together, drive, draw.
cohaereo : to cling to, correspond to
cohaero cohero cohesi cohesum : to adhere, stick together
cohibeo : confine, restrain, hold back, repress.
cohors : a yard, enclosure / troop, 1/ 10 of a legion.
cohortor : to encourage, incite, exhort.
colligo : legi, lectum, to collect, gather together, assemble
colloco : to place, put, arrange.
collum : neck.
colo colui cultum : cultivate, cherish
color : color.
coloratus : colored / dark-complexioned.
coloro : to color.
coma : hair of the head, leaves, rays of light.
combibo : to drink up, suck in.
comburo : to burn up, to ruin, consume.
comedo comedi comesum : to eat up, consume / waste, squander.
comes comitis : companion, friend, comrade / count.
cometes : comet
cometissa comitissa : countess.
comis : courteous, kind, friendly.
comitatus : train, retinue, following / war band.
comiter : courteously, in a kindly, friendly manner.
comito : to accompany
comitatus : accompanied.
comitto : to entrust, commit.
commemoro : to remind, relate, mention/ to keep in mind.
commeo : To go up and down, back and forth, in and out.
commessatio, onis : eating together.
comminor : to threaten.
comminuo : to scatter, weaken, damage.
comminus : hand to hand, in close combat.
commisceo : to intermingle, join, mix.
commissum : undertaking, that which is entrusted.
commodo : (+ acc.) to furnish, lend, give.
commodo : to make fit, adapt, please, oblige, serve.
commodum : convenience, advantage, opportunity, comfort.
commodum : suitable time, opportunity, convenience, use.
commodus : proper, fit, commodius
commoneo : to impress upon one. to remind.
commoneo : to remember, recollect.
commoneo : to remind someone forcibly of somthing.
commoror : remain, stay, abide, linger.
commoveo : to move violently, disturb, shake / excite, upset.
communis : common, general, run of the mill.
comparo : to compare.
compater : the godfather of a man's child.
compatior : to suffer with one, feel pity, have compassion.
compello : to drive together, collect, force, compel.
comperio : to learn, find out.
comperio : to disclose fully, find out with certainty, lay open.
comperte : on good authority.
compescor : to fasten together, hold in check, restrain, curb
compescor : to suppress, repress, check, restrain.
competo : to be appropriate, suitable, fit.
complectus : embrace, grasp.
compleo : to finish.
compleo : to fill up, man, bring up to strength, fulfil.
complexo : encompass, embrace
complico : to fold together
compono : to put together, compose.
compositio : composition, agreement, pact/ arrangement.
compositus : orderly, matching, made up of pieces.
comprehendo : to embrace, take firmly, include, seize.
comprehendo : to grasp, take together, unite / comprehend.
comprehendo : to seize, arrest, take prisoner, catch red-handed.
comprobo : to approve fully/ to confirm, prove, establish.
compromitto : to agree to refer to arbitration, or an arbitrator.
comprovincialis : born in the same province.
comptus : a head-dress, a hairband.
conatus : exertion, effort / undertaking / impulse, inclination.
concavo : to hollow out
concedo : to concede, yield, allow, grant, withdraw, give up.
concepta : measures, capacity.
concero : connect join, twine, join in conflict.
concido : to be ruined, fail / cut up, cut down, destroy.
concido : to fall down, sink, perish / (wind) subside.
concilio : to assemble, bring together / win over, reconcile, unite / cause
concilium : council
concipio : to take or lay hold of, receive, take in.
concisus : cut up, broken, brief, concise.
concito : to move violently, stir up, excite, arouse.
conculco : to tread under foot, despise, oppress, suppress.
concupiscentia : avarice, covetousness.
concupisco : to covet, aim at, desire eagerly.
concurro : to concur.
concutio : to shake together, agitate, alarm, disturb, shatter.
condico : to agree, fix, settle, make arrangements.
condo : erect, establish, build
conduco : hire, employ for wages, among many other meanings.
confero : discuss, debate, confer/ betake oneself, devote.
confero : to bring together, put together, collect/
confestim : speedily, rapidly, immediately, without delay.
confido : have confidence in, be confident of, rely upon.
confingo : 3, to fabricate, make up
confirmo : to confirm
confiteor confessus : to confess, own up, admit, acknowledge.
conforto : to strengthen much.
confundo : to pour together, mix, blend / confound, confuse, trouble.
confusim : in a confused way, fumbling.
confusio : mingling, mixture / confounding, confusion, disorder
confusus : confused, disorderly / embarassed, troubled, confounded.
confuto : to confute / restrain, check, repress.
confuto : supress, keep silent / convict.
confugo : to flee, have recourse to, take refuge.
confuto : to check, repress, stop, halt, turn back / silence
congelo : to congeal, harden, freeze.
congregatio : assembly, society, union.
congrego : to gather together, assemble, convene.
congressus : a meeting, association.
congrue : adv, suitably
congruo : coinside, agree, conform
congruus : agreeing, fit, suitable.
conicio : to hurl, throw / put together, conjecture.
coniecto : to throw together, infer, guess, conclude.
conitor : to press upon, to struggle to reach
coniuratio : conspiracy, plot.
coniuratus : conspirator, plotter.
coniuro : to take an oath together, plot, conspire.
conor : to undertake, try, venture, presume, attempt, presume.
conqueror : to complain loudly.
conscendo : to ascend, mount, go up.
conscientia : conscience, consciouness, knowledge
conscindo : to tear in pieces.
conscius : conscious of, aware of.
conseco : to dismember, cut into pieces, chop up.
consecro : to dedicate, consecrate, sanctify/ to curse/ deify
consectatio : striving, pursuit
consenesco : to grow old, weak, feeble, infirm
consensio : agreement, harmony, cooperation / plot, conspiracy
consentio : to agree, consent / plot, conspire
consequentia : f, consequential, relating
conservo : to preserve, conserve, maintain, keep, hold to.
considero : to look at, regard carefully,
consido : to set down, settle.
consilio : intentionally, on purpose, designedly.
consilium : deliberation, consultation, assembly, council.
consilium : advice, suggestion, wisdom, plan, purpose, judgment.
consimilis : adj, similar
consisto : (+ abl. etc.) to be formed of, consist/ stop, stay.
consisto : to take one's stand, stand still, stop, be posted.
consisto : (+ in) to depend on, rely on.
consitor : sower, planter.
consolatio : encouragement, amelioration, consolation
consonum : adj, n, harmonious
conspergo : to sprinkle, bestrew.
conspicio : to catch sight of, perceive, behold, understand.
constans : steady, firm, unchanging, constant, unwavering.
constanter : steadily, firmly.
constituo : to arrange, decide, appoint, settle, found, set up.
constituo : to set up, place, establish, post, station.
constituo : to fix, station, place, cause to stand, set
consto : to be established, stand firm, stop, endure.
constrictio : to bind together, draw together
constringo constrixi constrictum : to bind, confine, restrain.
construo construxi constructum : to construct, build, arrange.
constupator : ravisher, debaucher.
constupro : to ravish, corrupt.
consuasor : advisor, counselor.
consuefacio : to accustom, acclimate, become used to.
consuesco : to accustom, inure, habituate
consueta : customary, usual.
consuetudo : custom, usage, habit / intimacy, familiar acquaintance.
consulatio : deliberation, inquiry, full consideration.
consulo : (+ dat.) look to the interests of/ consult, ask advice.
consulo : to reflect, consider, ponder, reflect.
consulo : to look to the interests of, come to a conclusion.
consulto : to consider carefully, weigh, ponder.
consulto : to ask the advice of, consult.
consultum : decree.
consummatio : completion, summing up, adding up.
consummo : to add together, sum up, make perfect, complete.
consumo : to spend, employ, use up, finish, waste away, destroy.
consuo consui consutum : to sew together, stitch.
consurgo : to stand up, rise up / to arise, break out.
contabesco : to waste slowly away, decline in health.
contactus : touching, contact / contagion.
contages : a touch, contact.
contagio contagium : contagion, infection / touching, contact.
contamino : to pollute, infect.
contego : to cover, shield, protect, defend.
contemno : to think meanly of, despise, condemn, hate.
contemplatio : survey, contemplation.
contemplor : to mark out, regard, consider carefully, survey.
contemptim : contemptuously.
contemptio : scorn, disdain, contempt.
contemptus : despised, despicable, contemptible.
contendo : to contend, strive, struggle, hasten.
contendo : to assert, maintain / shoot (a missile), cast.
contendo : to compare, contrast / compete.
contente : eagerly, earnestly.
contentus : strained, stretched / eager, zealous.
contentus : contented, satisfied
contigo : (with dat.), to happen, befall.
contineo : hold together, keep together, connect, join.
contineo : to touch, reach, grasp, affect, infect.
contineo : to hold, to keep togethere, to contian
contineo contigi, contectum : border on / befall (good luck).
contineo : to keep in, surround, contain, confine, include.
contineo: to hold back, restrain.
contingo : (contactum) to touch closely, happen to, befall.
contingo : to touch /(intransitive) to happen, befall, occur
continuo : to join (together), to be after
continuo : (adv.) immediately, at once.
continuus : connected together, continuous, uninterrupted.
contra : (+ acc.) against.
contradictio : a speaking against, contradiction.
contradico : to speak against, oppose verbally, gainsay
contradictio : contradiction, opposition.
contrado : to deliver together, or wholly.
contraho : to gather together, assemble, draw up, unite
contraho : to conclude (an agreement)/ to reduce, contract, constrict
contrarius : contrary, opposed
contrecto : to touch, handle, feel
contremisco : to tremble, shake, quake / be afraid of
contremo : to tremble, shake
contristo : to make sad or gloomy
contristo : to sadden, afflict, damage (of crops).
conturbo : to confuse, scatter, throw into confusion, distress.
conventus : coming tohether, assembly, union, congress.
conversatio : way, manner of life / monastic life.
converto : to turn around, cause to turn / to adopt the monastic life.
converto : to convert
convinco : to overcome, to demonstrate
convoco : to call together, convene.
copia : abundamce, supply.
copiae copie : supplies, troops, forces.
copiose : fully, at length, copiously.
copiosus : wealthy, rich, abundantly provided, well-equipped.
Corbeiam : Corbie.
cornu : horn.
corona : crown, diadem.
corpus corporis : body, corpse.
correptius : more shortly.
corrigo : (correctum) to make correct, make right.
corripio : to seize, snatch up, steal, (of a disease) attack
corroboro : to strengthen.
corrumpo : (documents) to falsify / (character) to corrupt.
corrumpo : to break up, destroy, annihilate / spoil, weaken.
corruo : to fall to the ground, sink down / be ruined, destroyed.
Corturiacum : Courtrai.
coruscus : (a) flashing, twinkling, shaking, trembling.
cotidie : daily, every day.
Courtacum : Courtrai.
crapula : wine : intoxication, drunkenness.
crapula : wine-drinking, intoxication, drunkenness.
cras : (adv.) tomorrow, on the morrow.
crastinus : of the morrow, the morrow.
creator : creator, founder.
creatura : creature, servant.
creber : thick, frequent, numerous.
crebro : repeatedly, often, one after the other, time after time.
credo : to believe / trust, commit / trust in, rely on/ think.
creo : to create, make
crepido : (-inis) foundation, base / pedestal / pier, quay / dam
crepitaculum : a rattle
crepito : (-are) to rattle, creak, rustle
creptio : taking by force, seizure.
crepundia : a toy, rattle, plaything
crepusculum : dusk, twilight.
cresco : (cretum) to grow, increase, expand / spring forth, arise
creta : chalk, fuller's earth
cretatus : chalked, in white
cretosus : abounding in chalk
cribro : to sift.
cribrum : sieve.
crimen : an accusation, charge / fault, guilt, crime / cause of a crime
criminatio : accusation, charge, calumny
criminator : accuser
criminor : to accuse / complain of
criminose : reproachfully
criminosus : slanderous, reproachful
crinis : hair.
crinitus : long haired
crispans : wavy, curly
crispo : (-are) to curl / move rapidly / brandish, wave
crispus : curly-haired, curly / trembling, quivering, shaking
crista : crest, plume / rooster's comb
cristatus : crested, plumed
croceus : yellow, golden, saffron-colored, of saffron
crocinus : yellow, saffron-colored / saffron oil
crocodilus : crocodile
crocotula : saffron-colored robe
crocus : crocus, saffron / yellow, saffron-colored
crotalia : ear-rings
cruciamentum : torture, torment
cruciatus : torture, torment
crucio : to torture, torment
crudelis : cruel
crudelitas : cruelty, inhumanity
crudeliter : cruely
crudesco : to become violent, become hard
cruditas : an overly full stomach
crudus : green, fresh, immature, untimely / undigested / harsh
crudus : bleeding / raw, uncooked / unripe / unprepared food
cruento : to make bloody, stain with blood.
cruentus : bloody, bloodthirsty, blood-red
crumens : bag, purse / funds, store of cash
cruor : cruoris : bloodshed, murder, slaughter, gore
crur, cruris : leg, shank, shin, also foot
crusta : rind, peel, bark, shell / inlay, embossing
crustulum : pastery, cookie
crustum : bread, cake
crux crucis : cross
crypta : vault, grotto, covered gallery
crystallinus : of crystal
crystalus : crystallus : a crystal, crystal drinking cup
cubans : sloping
cubicularis : pertaining to a bedroom
cubicularius : bed-chamber servant, chamberlain.
cubiculum : bedroom, sleeping chamber.
cubile : bed, (marriage bed) / lair, den, nest / hive of bees / seat
cubitalis : a cubit long
cubito : to lie down often
cubitum : the elbow / a cubit
cubitum ire : to go to bed, retire
cubitus : cubitus : a lying down, rest
cubo : to lie down, recline / be ill in bed
cui : (fem. sing. dat.) IN WHICH (province) did you live?
cui : (masc. sing. dat.) TO WHOM did you give it?
cui : (neut. sing. dat.) (the monster), TO WHOM the cattle belonged.
cuius : (fem. sing. gen.) (the queen), the vices OF WHOM were many.
cuius : (masc. sing. gen.) (the saint) WHOSE virtues were many.
cuius : (neut. sing. gen) (the building) the size OF WHICH was great.
cuiusmodi : of what kind.
culpa : fault, blame, (esp. aginst chastity).
culpo : to blam, censure, accuse.
cultellus : a little knife.
cultor : cultivator, planter / with gen.= resident, inhabitant.
cultura : cultivation
cum : (prep + abl.) with.
cum : (with subjunctive) when, as, while, since, although.
cum : (with indicative) when.
cunabula : cradle.
cunae : nest for young birds.
cunctatio : delay.
cunctator : delayer, procrastinator,
cunctor : to delay, impede, hold up.
cunctus : all, all collectively, the whole.
cupiditas : ambition, avarice, party spirit, eager desire.
cupido : passion, desire, wantining, yearning, longing.
cupio : to desire, wish, long for, desire.
cuppedia : delicacies, candies, sweetmeats.
cupressus : cypress, cyrpess wood, a cypress-wood casket.
cur : why, wherefore.
cura : management, administration, care, concern, charge.
curatio : attention / medical attention, healing, curing.
curator : guardian, overseer
curia : court
curiositas : curiosity, inquisitiveness, nosiness.
curiosus : careful, attentive/ curious, inquisitive/ worn out by cares.
curis quris : a spear.
curo : (+gerundive) to see to a thing being done / cure, rest.
curo : to care for, trouble about, pay attention to.
curo : manage, administer / provide money.
curriculum : a running, race, lap around the track, course.
currus : cart / a plow with wheels.
cursim : hastily, quickly, rapidly.
cursito : to run up and down.
curso : to run back and forth.
cursor : runner, carrier, messenger.
cursus : a race, a running, race course, race track, course.
curto : to shorten, abbreviate.
Curtracus : Courtrai.
curtus : shortened / mutilated, defective / gelded.
curvo : to bend, arch, curve / influence.
curvus : arched, bent, bowed, curved, crooked, wrong (morally crooked).
cuspis : point, the pointed end / spear, javelin / cooking spit.
custodia : protection, custody.
custodiae custodie : guards, wardens.
custos : (custodis) guardian, keeper, watchman, attendant,, guard / spy.

a *ibus    3/2 m/f  plur dat
a *ibus    3/2 neut  plur dat
a *ibus   3/2 m/f  plur abl
a *ibus   3/2 neut  plur abl
n *ibus   : fem. dat. pl. 3
n *ibus   : masc. abl. pl. 3
n *ibus   : masc. abl. pl. 3
n *ibus   : masc. abl. pl. 4
n *ibus   : masc. dat. pl. 3
n *ibus   : masc. dat. pl. 3
n *ibus   : masc. dat. pl. 4
n *ibus   : neut. abl. pl. 3 
n *ibus   : neut. dat. pl. 4
n *ibus   : fem. abl. pl. 3
n *ibus   : neut. dat. pl. 3 
n *ibus   : neut. abl. pl. 4
n *ibus   : fem. abl. pl. 3 
n *ibus   : fem. dat. pl. 3 

a *us          1   masc sing nom  
n *us          : masc. acc. pl. 4
n *us          : masc. nom. sing. 2 
n *us          : neut. acc. sing. 3
n *us          : masc. nom. pl. 4
n *us          : neut. nom. sing. 3
n *us          : masc. nom. sing. 4
n *us          : neut. gen. sing. 4
n *us          : masc. gen. sing. 4


William Whitaker's Words.